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芝加哥格式Essay寫作技巧以及模板

時間:2020-03-16 18:27來源:www.814269.buzz 作者:hongcin 點擊:
Chicago格式也是留學生Essay寫作常見格式,但是相對來說比較少見,但是不乏會遇到這類格式的寫作技巧。Chicago format is also a common format for international students' essay writing, but it is relatively rare, bu
Chicago格式也是留學生Essay寫作常見格式,但是相對來說比較少見,但是不乏會遇到這類格式的寫作技巧。掌握Chicago格式對于留學生而言是一門加分項,可以應對更多風格的essay寫作,對完成日常作業和發表期刊都有很大幫助,本文描述了Chicago格式,希望能幫助到廣大留學生。目前,學術界廣泛接受的文件分為三種形式:美國心理學協會、美國航天局、現代語言協會(Modern Language Association、MLA)和芝加哥Chicago Manual Style(CMS)。許多學生認為Chicago格式是非常陌生的。然而,Chicago格式是最常用的英文文件格式。essay有兩種主要的引用形式:評注和參考書目。
Chicago format is also a common format for international students' essay writing, but it is relatively rare, but there are many writing skills that will encounter such a format. Mastering the Chicago format is a plus item for international students, which can cope with more styles of essay writing, and is very helpful for completing daily work and publishing journals. This paper describes the Chicago format, hoping to help the majority of international students.At present, the documents widely accepted by the academic community are divided into three forms: American Psychological Association, NASA, Modern Language Association (MLA) and Chicago Manual style (CMS). Many students think the Chicago format is very strange. However, the Chicago format is the most commonly used English file format. Essay has two main forms of Citation: commentary and bibliography.
 
芝加哥格式essay寫作方法

Key point 1.短語詞組搭配錯誤 Incorrect collocation of phrases and phrases
 
Athough can't be used with but
 
Because can't be used with so
 
From the perspective of Chinese logic, although it is a fixed usage of a sentence, this usage is wrong in English. In the same sentence, no matter whether you have separated by commas, there will be no more "but" because ", there will be no so
 
In addition to cause, there are also due to / since / on account of / as a result of and so on. Don't always use the same word in an essay to express the same meaning in English. Why are so many phrases and phrases limited to the same expression?
 
We suggest that we use however instead of but and nevertheless / in spice of / even thought. As for some phrases with fixed collocation, it is suggested that the writer should check them out in the uncertain situation, and then use another expression that can't be verified in the real situation
 
Point 2. 時態保持一致的原則Principle of temporal consistency
 
在復合句中的某些從句中尤其是賓語從句從句時態要和主句時態保持一致
In some clauses of compound sentences, especially the tense of object clause and subject clause should be consistent
 
The sentence patterns that many writers use are:
 
He argued that people could be influenced by environment(2015).
 
In this kind of typical object clauses, it's easy for writers to ignore the tense of the clauses. Most of them will make the clauses into the general present tense and the past tense
 
Examples of errors are:
 
He argued that people can be influenced by environment(2015).
 
Unless the object clause is part of a general rule or truth, such as the sun rising and setting in the East, the general present tense will remain unchanged, the tense of the clause will be consistent with the subject clause
 
The tenses of two sentences connected by and / so / thereforee should also be the same, for example:
 
Both of his parents were absent,therefore,this was a sad parents'meeting to him.
 
Point 3.同一個句子不能出現兩個謂語動詞 Two predicate verbs cannot appear in the same sentence
 
Examples of errors:
 
It aviods too many objective comments appear
 
The writer who can write such a sentence suggests that he should first work hard on his own grammar, which is a typical Chinglish
 
A sentence should have an obvious subject predicate object structure. Find out whether the predicate verb you want to use is a transitive verb or an intransitive verb. Find out what to do or doing should be used after the verb
 
Point 4. 兩個沒有任何連詞的句子僅拿一個逗號隔開整個就是錯句
Two sentences without any conjunctions, separated by a comma, are wrong sentences
 
This error is the highest hit rate of the writer
 
A thing can come and go fastly,it is a natural rule.
 
As the subtitle above says, there is no conjunction adverb between two sentences. It's just a wrong sentence to separate them with a comma
 
 
芝加哥格式寫作模板

芝加哥Essay寫作模板
 
1. 引用一本書。
 
· Zimmer, Gary. 1999. The biological farmer. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.
 
· Beckham, Todd, ed. 1951. The soccer chronicles. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.
 
2. 引用一本書的特定章節。
 
● Lowell, Frederick. 2006. "Why I Tried: The Mentality Behind a Crime." In The criminal mind, ed. Frank Alden, 101–2. Chicago: University of Chicago Press
 
3. 引用一本電子書。
 
· Kamp, John C. and Alison Norris, eds. 1987. The lawn mowing guide San Diego: Green Press. http://greenpress.com/lawnmowing/.
 
4. 引用紙質期刊的文章。
 
· Fargo, Peter Paul. 2007. The facts of life. Philosophy 126:450-22.
 
注腳
 
1. 給一本書寫腳注。
 
· 1. Gary Zimmer, The Biological Farmer (Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1999), 65.
 
· 3. Todd Beckham, ed., The Soccer Chronicles (Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1951), 91–92.
 
2. 給一本書的某個章節寫腳注。
 
· 5. Frederick Lowell, "Why I Tried: The Mentality Behind a Crime," in The Criminal Mind, ed. Frank Alden (Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 2006), 101–2.
 
3. 給一本電子書寫腳注。
 
· 2. John C. Kamp and Alison Norris, eds., The Lawnmowing Guide (San Diego: Green Press, 1987), http://greenpress.com/lawnmowing/ (accessed June 27, 2006).


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